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 Cleft lip and palate

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عدد الرسائل : 40
العمر : 28
تاريخ التسجيل : 02/10/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: Cleft lip and palate   الجمعة أكتوبر 03, 2008 7:49 am

Cleft lip and palate



Definition

Cleft lip and palate are birth defects that affect the upper lip and the roof of the mouth



Causes, and risk factors

There are many causes for of cleft lip and palate. Problems with genes passed down from one or both parents, drugs, viruses, or other toxins can all cause such birth defects. Cleft lip and palate may occur along with other syndromes or birth defects

A cleft lip and palate can affect the appearance of one's face, and may lead to problems with feeding and speech, as well as ear infections. Problems may range from a small notch in the lip to a complete groove that runs into the roof of the mouth and nose. These features may occur separately or together

Risk factors include a family history of cleft lip or palate and other birth defect. About 1 out of 2,500 people have a cleft palate



Symptoms

Change in nose shape
Failure to gain weight
Feeding problems
Flow of milk through nasal passages during feeding
Misaligned teeth
Poor growth
Recurrent ear infections
Separation of the lip alone
Separation of the palate
Separation of the lip and palate
Speech difficulties


Signs and tests

A physical examination of the mouth, nose, and palate confirms a cleft lip or cleft palate. Medical tests may be done to rule out other possible health conditions



Treatment

Surgery to close the cleft lip is usually done at 3 - 9 months of age. Surgery may be needed later in life the problem severely affects the nose area

A cleft palate is usually closed within the first year of life so that the child's speech normally develops. Sometimes a prosthetic device is temporarily used to close the palate so the baby can feed and grow until surgery can be done

Continued follow-up may be needed with speech therapists and orthodontists


Prognosis

Although treatment may continue for several years and require several surgeries, most children with a cleft lip and palate can achieve normal appearance, speech, and eating. However, some people may have continued speech problems



Complications

Dental cavities
Displaced teeth
Hearing loss
Lip deformities
Nasal deformities
Recurrent ear infections
Speech difficulties



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Cleft lip and palate
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